Athena Pheromone 10X: Gout: Not just for Men
Gout, a form of arthritis that seems to be more common in men than in women, in fact does not discriminate according to gender. Women can suffer from this kind of painful condition, too, especially after menopause. Some studies even suggest that there is a definite increase in women with gout, particularly among the aging female population. The exact reason for the rise of gout among women remains uncertain. An Increase in age, obesity, alcohol consumption, hypertension, and diuretic use have traditionally been associated with the risk of developing gout among women and men.
- Did you know that there are more than 100 types of arthritis?
- Common arthritis symptoms of inflammation, pain, and stiffness are usually caused by degenerative arthritis.
- Other types of arthritis contain rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
- Gout is known to be a rheumatoid form of arthritis that causes inflammation, intense pain, discomfort and swelling of the affected regions.
- Gout mainly tends to affect the joints, especially those of the lower body limbs, for example toes, heels, ankles, knees.
- In some cases, gout may cause inflammation of the elbows and palm wrists.
- Skin and soft tissue such as tendons and muscles can also be affected by the disease, losing their versatility and elasticity.
- As the number of women who have gout increases, there are other issues that can also arise.
- For instance, women with gout may be 39% more likely to have a heart attack in accordance with some studies.
- However, the rise in the risk of heart attack for men with gout is far less.
Some Facts Surrounding the Probability of Developing Gout Show Consistency
Men between the ages of 40 and 50 appear to be the most notable candidates. Women rarely show symptoms before menopause. Children and young adults are even less likely to be stricken with this painful condition. Heredity influences whether a person develops gout. Having a genetic predisposition accounts for about 18% of the instances.
- Differential Diagnosis: The differential diagnosis for this condition should include;
- Arthritis rheumatoid and osteoarthritis Bone tumor Diabetic osteolysis
Weak Bones Should Not Just be Excused as a Natural Part of Aging
Strong bones begin when they are young. People of all ages can improve their bone health. Bone is connective tissues that contain a hardened matrix of vitamin salts and collagen fibers. Its cells include osteocytes, which are embedded within lacunae, and the free-roaming osteoblasts as well as osteoclasts. Bones support body structures, protect internal organs, and in conjunction with muscles facilitate movement; are also included in cell formation, calcium metabolism, and mineral storage. The bones of an animal are, collectively, known as the skeleton.
- Gout will be more likely to be produced by men (almost 90 percent of people diagnosed with gout are male), usually after the age of 40.
- In some cases, women at menopause can be affected by the disease too.
- Gout rarely happens to be able to children and young adults.
- Other factors that may contribute to producing neuropathy, and subsequently, Charcot joints include;
- Alcoholic neuropathy Genetic insensitivity to pain Pott's Disease (tuberculosis of the spine)
Lavery La, Armstrong DG, Walker SC: Therapeutic rates of person suffering from diabetes foot ulcers associated with midfoot fracture due to Charcot's arthropathy. Diabet Med 14:46, 1996
- By striving at the root of the problem and relieving this, try Nana Flex Or NanaFlex Cream .
- The anti-inflammatory oils in this blend tend to be aimed at preventing the enzymes that elevate producing arthritis pain and inflammation.
- This also enhances the flexibility of the affected joint.
- Any problem that plays a part in the loss of sensation of the foot may be considered a cause for a Charcot joint.
- Some of those conditions include;
Diabetes mellitus Tabes dorsalis (neuropathy caused by syphilis Hansen's Disease (Leprosy) Tumors with the spinal cord Degenerative change with the spinal cord or peripheral nerve Amyloid Familial-hereditary neuropathies including Charcot-Marie Toothe Disease, Hereditary sensory neuropathy and Dejerine-Sottas Disease Pernicious Anemia.
- One thing that we do know is that we have a larger aging population than in the past, and it continues to grow.
- The number of women who develop gout has doubled.
- Women need to consult with their doctors if they think that they are experiencing the pain of undiscovered gout..
- Since it has been traditionally associated with men and aging, often women are not diagnosed as early as they could have been, postponing treatment.
- Colcrys 0.6mg tablets may be prescribed for prevention and treatment of gout
- Low bone mass ensures that bones have less than many select amounts of calcium and other minerals that make your bones strong.
- As a result of low bone mass, bones become weak and break, or can crack, break more easily.
- Bone fractures often happen from falling or tripping or even other common incidents.
- Spine fractures can occur while doing daily activities without any stress.
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Strong Bones Hold Up, Support Us and So are the Structure Regarding Our Muscles
Bones are a storehouse for very important minerals needed to live. Strong bones protect the heart, lungs, brain, and other organs from injury. Weak bones frequently effect in painful and also decline fractures. Hip fractures tend to be the most disastrous type of bone break and account for almost 300,000 hospitalizations each year.
- Arthritis is a group of conditions involving injury to the joints of the body.
- The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis is a result of trauma to the shared, infection of the joint, or age.
Saltzman, CL, Johnson KA, Goldstein RH, et al: The patellar tendon-bearing brace when used to treat neuropathic arthropathy: a dynamic force overseeing study. Foot Ankle 13: 14, 1992
- Sticha RS, Frascone ST, Werthheimer SJ: Major arthrodesis in patients with neuropathic arthropathy.
- J Foot Ankle Surg 35: Frykberg RG, Osteoarthropathy.
- Clin Podiatric Med Surg 4:351,
Arthritis is a Joint Disorder Causing Inflammation
A joint is an area of the body where two different bones meet. A shared functions to move the parts of the body connecting by its bones. Arthritis means inflammation of one or more joints. Arthritic diseases include rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis, which are autoimmune diseases, septic arthritis, brought on by joint infection; and the more common osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease. Osteoarthritis can be caused from traces and injuries caused by rhythmic motion, sports, overexertion, and falls. Arthritic joints can be sensitive to weather changes. The increased sensitivity is thought to be caused by the affected joints growing extra nerve being in an attempt to protect the joint from further damage.
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- Medications that could be a contributing cause of Charcot joints include;
- Injectable and systemic use of steroids Phenylbutazone Indomethacin Vincristine
Type 5 - The forefoot. Charcot joints are often not diagnosed until they generate one other issue that affects a patients normal activities. These may be as simple as a good inability to fit into shoes, or as severe as an infected ulceration of the foot. By this stage, the Charcot deformity has in all likelihood progressed to a point where there is massive displacement of the bones and joints in addition to numerous displaced fractures.
- The group proposed by Brodsky in 1992 contains the location of the Charcot joint and is commonly used in clinical practice today.
- Brodsky's category is as follows;
- Pap J, Myerson M, GirardP, et al: Save you with arthrodesis in intractable diabetic neuropathic arthropathy of the foot and ankle.
- J Bone Joint Surg Am 75:1056, 1993
Gout, is not just a disease for men. It is also in increasing numbers of women suffer from gout. Colcrys 0.6 milligrams tablets may be prescribed for prevention and treatment of gout. Have a look at more gout information at http://www.colchicine.ca/
- Obesity is another important factor that leads to the development of gout.
- The organisms of overweight people are likely to make more uric acid.
- Obesity also increases the risks of injury at the level of the joints.
Some people who have chronically high blood levels of urate (commonly referred to as uric acid) will go on to develop gout, but not everybody. In fact, up to around 2/3 of the population who have higher levels of urate do not become victims of gout. Why? No one really knows for sure. Could women have less tolerance for higher levels of uric acid since before menopause their levels are generally much lower? Once again, the jury is out on this one.
The Development of a Charcot Shared can be Rapid and Depends Upon a Number of Variables
Any ability to perceive pain may lead to a more prompt diagnosis because of patient's concern relating to their abilities to complete an average day. Complete loss of deep pain sensation may delay earlier diagnosis. Charcot joints are easily confused with osteoarthritis, which can be treated much less aggressively than a Charcot joint.
All Arthritides Attribute Pain
Pain patterns may be different depending on the arthritides and the location. Rheumatoid arthritis is normally worse in the morning and related to rigidity, in the early stages, people often have no symptoms after their morning shower. In the aged and children, pain might not be the most important presenting feature, the aged person simply moves less, and the child refuses to use the affected appendage.
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- Bassett CA, Mitchell SN, Norton L, et al: Repair of non-unions by pulsing electromagnetic fields.
- Acta Orthop Belg 44: 706,
About the Particular Author:Jeffrey a
Oster, DPM, C.Ped is a board certified foot and ankle surgeon. Dr. Oster can be board certified in pedorthics. Dr. Oster is medical director of Myfootshop.com and is in active practice in Granville, Ohio.
- Lavine LS, Grodinsky AJ: Current principles review: electrical stimulation of repair of bone tissue.
- J Bone Joint Surg Am 69: 626, 1987
Fracture Gout Idiopathic edema Lymphedema Pseudogout Septic arthritis (infected joint) Soft tissue tumor Additional references include;
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The description of Charcot joints dates back to be able to 1703 when neuropathic osteoarthropathy was first described by W. Musgrave. Charcot is credited regarding his work in 1868 for describing gait anomalies of patients with syphilis (tabes dorsalis). Jordan, in was the first to describe a relationship of diabetes to neuropathic arthropathy.
Symptoms: The symptoms of Charcot joints vary considering the location and severity of the situation. The initial sign is localized edema swelling) of the joint or joints. The actual edematous area may exhibit increased temperature change. Often, the first obvious indicator that a patient with advanced sideline neuropathy will notice is the fact that their shoes have become stronger or they have difficulty fitting into a pair of shoes that have fit well for some time.
- People who suffer from gout may experience sudden, unexpected pain episodes that tend to reoccur occasionally.
- This may be a first sign of chronic gout.
- The pain might be more intense during the night in the case of some people who suffer from gout.
- Another form of gout, referred to as pseudogout, occurs due to the accumulation of crystallized calcium in the joints, rather than uric acid.
The concern in diagnosing this condition is the lack of signs that are due to peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy makes it impossible for the patient to be able to speak in terms that would be understood by the general population such as 'my feet hurt'. As a result, the physician needs to rely more on testing and less on the history and physical exam.
Nomenclature: reflex vasodilitation - increased blood circulation to an area inside response to inflammation Rocker bottom foot - a prominence that forms on the sole or even bottom with the foot as a result of the collapse with the arch
- Gout is considered to have a pronounced hereditary character.
- Research results reveal that some people who have problems with gout have a family history of the disease.
Grady, J.F., et al: The use of electrostimulation in the treatment of diabetic neuroarthropathy J. Am. Podiatric Med. Assoc. 90(6): 287-294, 2000 Sinha, S., Munichoodappa, C.S., Kozak, G.P: Neuroarthropathy Charcot Joints) in diabetes mellitus. Medicine (Baltimore)
- The most frequent area of the foot to be effected by a Charcot joint could be the mid arch.
- Charcot joints can also develop at the rearfoot and ankle but are much less common.
- One of the most common cause of Charcot joints of the foot is peripheral neuropathy due to diabetes mellitus.
The most common complicating factor of a Charcot joint of the foot is the prominence that grows on the bottom of the foot, referred to as a 'rocker bottom' foot. Treatment plans occurs as the bones of the arch collapse. In an advanced rocker bottom foot, the inability to sense pain becomes a complicating factor for the skin. As the bone fragments places a lot more pressure on the skin, the skin begins to ulcerate and becomes afflicted.
Surgical procedures for Charcot joints are often challenging not only due to the complexity of this condition but also due to the fact that these patients are usually weak surgical applicants due to other health problems (co-morbidity). Surgical procedure may include reconstruction of the arch and/or joint fusion. Frequently, surgical procedures are used to go back the foot to a shape that can be accommodated by typical foot wear. Stage three Charcot deformities often result in mounds, bump and also unusually shaped feet due to bone changes. Reshaping the base may be used to remove a boney prominence on the top or bottom of the foot.
- Cleveland M: Surgical fusion of volatile joints due to neuropathic disturbance.
- Am J Surg 43: 580, 1939 Wilson M : Charcot foot osteoarthropathy in diabetes mellitus.
- Mil Med 156: 563, 1991
The main cause of gout is the clustering of uric acid crystals in the blood vessels, impeding normal blood flow and causing inflammation. Due to either excessive manufacture of uric acid in the body or renal insufficiency (sometimes the kidneys are unable to eliminate the surplus of uric acid), uric acid accumulates, crystallizes and build up in different body parts. Food intake plays a major role in the development of gout. Some foods are rich in body fat and purine, a substance that is synthesized by the organism into uric acid and therefore may aggravate the symptoms of gout. Smoking and the consumption of alcohol needs to be considerably reduced when suffering from gout, as these factors affect the secretion of uric acid, contributing to the accumulation within the physique.
Treatment of Charcot Joints
The hallmark of treatment of Charcot joints is early diagnosis and prevention. The signs and findings of Charcot joints vary so that each case requires careful evaluation. Therapy of Charcot joints of the feet may include rest, casting and non-weight bearing to allow adequate time for fracture healing. Total contact casting or the use of a Charcot Restraint Orthotic Walker (CROW) tend to be common in stages one and two. The goal is to limit weight bearing to enable progression to be able to stage three. This progression can take from many weeks around 6 months. Electrical stimulation, or bone stimulation, is a popular adjunct to be able to non-weight bearing or throwing.
- Banks As, McGlamry ED: Charcot Fott.
- JAPMA 79:213, 1989 Pinzur Ms, Sage R, Stuck R, et al: A treatment algorithm for neuropathic (Charcot) midfoot deformity.
- Foot Ankle 14: 189, 1993
Other factors that may facilitate the development of gout are prolonged treatments with diuretics, earlier surgeries, the presence of certain diseases that affect circulation or extreme medical treatments such as chemotherapy.
- Type 1 - Lisfrank's joint - 27-60% of all Charcot joint deformities of the feet.
- Type 2 - Chopart's joints and also subtalar joints - 30-35%.
Is Very Important to Control Gout Through the Means of a Proper Diet
It is best to keep away from cigarettes and alcohol, as these factors are known to irritate the disease. Drink plenty of water to facilitate the elimination of excessive uric acid (you should drink around 2 liters of water a day). Lastly, try to avoid a sedentary lifestyle; exercise regularly to keep your body in good shape.
Charcot Joints Occur When to be Able to Sense Deep Pain is Lost or Diminished
As a result of the inability to sense pain, small fractures begin to develop in areas of anxiety such as the arch of the foot. The normal response to a fracture is swelling and increased blood flow (reflex vasodilatation) to the affected area of bone. The increase in blood flow tends to 'wash away' calcium from the fracture site, resulting in weakening of the bone and further fractures. In the event that the normal shielding device, pain, remains absent, a cycle of increasing fracture activity starts with progressive failure of the supporting bone.
- Reinherz RP, Cheleuitte ER, Fleischle JG: Identification and treatment of the particular diabetic neuropathic foot.
- J Base ankle Surg
- Type 3A - Ankle joint - 9% of all Charcot deformities.
- Type 3B - The posterior calcaneus.
- Type 4 - Multiple instances of the base and/or ankle.
- Eichenholtz SN: Charcot Joints, Charles C.
- Thomas, Springfield, Il 1966 Giurini JM: Applications and also use of in-shoe orthoses in the conservative supervision of Charcot foot deformity.
- Clin Podiatric Med Surg 11: 271, 1994
X-Rays Will be the Single Most Useful Tool in Diagnosing Charcot Joints
Bone scans are helpful in the early phases of Charcot joints and are sensitive indicators of hyperemia (increased blood flow to the area of the fracture). Surface skin temperature is probably the most reliable indicator of the activity of the fractures. Most doctors do not keep the necessary equipment to measure skin temperature but merely measure with direct touch to sense the presence or lack of warmth.
1966 Eichenholz proposed a group of Charcot joints which is broken down into three distinctive stages. Stage one, or the development stage, shows debris surrounding the joints on xray. Stage one can develop over a period of days to weeks which is radiographic change that occurs in response to unperceived trauma. Stage two is the coalescence stage. In stage two, the bone begins to heal with absorption of debris and healing of large fracture fragments. Stage three, often called the reconstruction or reconstitution stage, note a reduction in bone turn over and reformation of stable bone structure. Stage 0 had been added in 1999 by Sella and Barrette to include patients who exhibit clinical signs of Charcot arthropathy but have yet to show radiographic changes.
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