What is gout?
Historically known as a "rich man's disease", gout increased in rate of recurrence in developed nations in the late The twentieth century, and has continued to do so in the early part of the 21st. It's a relatively common disease in the united kingdom, affecting one in every 100 people, and is particularly prevalent within men aged 30 to be able to 60, as well as older men and women. However, many people across the UK remain unaware of exactly what gout is, how it's caused and - more importantly - how they might be able to prevent it.
Fundamentally, gout can be considered a good arthritic condition, causing inflammation of the joints, and leading to pain and swelling in a joint in the body. Most of the time, gout will be suffered in the big bottom but it can be caught in a range of joints, including those in the heel, ankles, legs, wrists, elbows, fingers and arches of the foot.
- The primary symptom of gout can be severe pain and swelling in the affected joint, as well as red and also shiny skin in the area.
- Further symptoms may include mild fever as well as the development of tophi - firm, white lumps - beneath the skin.
- A gout attack can last for a period of two weeks, and may disappear without treatment next time.
- As a result, many people with gout do not seek help during their attack.
- However, treatment can not only reduce the attack time, but may also prevent gout returning in later life.
Gout can be caused when there is a lot of uric acid (also called urate) in the body. This happens when your body produces too much uric acid, or perhaps if your kidneys don't complete uric acid quickly enough. Urate crystals (tophi) then form, that make the pain and swelling related to gout. Gout sufferers can predominately be men aged in between 30 and 60, people whose diet consists of large amounts of red meat and seafood, people who drink too much alcohol, overweight men and women, and those with high blood pressure. A family history of gout can also account for some cases, while people taking certain medications - like diuretics or some cancer treatments - may also be at greater risk.
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You're unfortunate enough to be prone to gout, medicine may be prescribed to treat the disease. Some patients can also be directed towards self-help techniques, like raising and resting the affected shared as well as keeping it cool at all times. Nonetheless, if you repeatedly suffer from gout or have a family history of the disease, preventative steps range from staying away from certain foods (such as greasy fish, kidneys, liver and some vegetables), minimising your alcohol intake and drinking plenty of water.
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