Painful Conditions & amp; Diseases of the Knee
There are several knee diseases or conditions which can also contribute to chronic knee discomfort. These diseases often impact the soft tissues, joints, nerves and/or bones inside knee area. The most typical knee diseases as well as conditions include arthritis, arthritis-related cysts, bacterial infections, calcification and softening of vital cartilage. An overview of each of these ailments can be found below.
There are several types of arthritis, including genetic, degenerative and inflammatory. Innate arthritis includes both rheumatoid arthritis and gout. An individual with one of these conditions is genetically likely to be able to have chronic irritation of the joint, which can be painful as well as limit movement. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is degenerative in nature. The cartilage gets worn down over time as a result of repeat usage of the knee joint.
- Knee arthritis can be treated with an arthritis knee brace or, in very severe cases, knee replacement surgery.
- In some arthritis cases, the knee's puffiness can cause fluid building up in a cyst generally located in the back of the leg.
- These are often referred to ask Baker cysts.
- If the cyst gets huge and painful, you can have a physician drain the fluid, as well as use physical therapy and medication.
Infection on the Knee Joint or Bone
Following a puncture wound, a bacterial pathogen can penetrate the knee region through the joint, bursa, bone or perhaps skin and lead to an inside an infection in the knee joint or bone. Even though the knee may not experience specific pain as the result of an infection, the individual may create a fever, knowledge chills in their body and a localized heat around the knee. As soon as diagnosed, these bacterial infections are usually treated with a round of antibiotics.
Knee tumors are rare, but when they do seem they can impede walking and cause pain. The best treatment for growth is surgery, but in a few extreme cases, it may also require knee amputation.
The collateral ligament located on the inside of the knee can calcify. This is usually seen in people who have had a significant MCL ligament injury in their past and is known as Pellegrini-Stieda predicament. The calcification leads to inflammation, but it can be treated efficiently with continuous cold therapy, immobilization and rest. In some instances a cortisone shot can help.
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Chrondromalacia is actually a condition characterized by the treatment of cartilage beneath patella (knee cap). It is most often seen in women, likely due to just how their hips distribute weight to their knees. When the cartilage softens, it can cause significant deep leg pain as well as stiffness. Most cases of Chrondromalacia are successfully treated with anti-inflammatory treatment, strengthening exercises for the quads, rest and chilly remedy.
Chris Dillon is President of MMAR Medical Group Inc., a wholesale medical supplier specializing in orthopedic braces including wrist and hand braces, cervical braces and a wide variety of arthritis and hinged knee braces.