Osteoarthritis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is also known as degenerative joint disease. In this form of arthritis, the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones that link on the joint wears away, exposing the bone and causing pain. This condition may also include a decrease in the amount of joint fluid, called synovial fluid, that cushions the joint, as well as changes in the ligaments and muscles that support the joint.
What is Primary Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis in its primary stage does not have any directly identifiable cause but is often posited as one of those diseases associated with aging. Scientific research suggests that chances for osteoarthritis become higher together age range. This is because as one ages, water accumulates in the joints thereby affecting cartilage protein structure. As a result, cartilages in joints degenerate until ultimately they become brittle and breakdown.
Osteoarthritis - Cause
Excess weight puts extra strain on the joints, particularly the large weight-bearing joints, such as the knees, hips, and balls of the feet. Experts estimate that every 1 lb (0.5 kg) of body weight means at least 3 lb (1.4 kg) of stress on the knee joint, and even more at the hip joint. Research has shown that weight loss can decrease the symptoms of leg osteoarthritis or the chances of developing those symptoms.
Osteoarthritis is caused by two main reasons: 1) Trauma to the joints and/or 2) a predominantly alkaline body chemistry. If you were to support a trauma to a given joint and that body part sustained misalignment and also damage; ultimately that joint will wear out if specific measures are not taken.
Causes of joint pain are gout, Pseudo-gout, Osteoarthritis, Reiter's Syndrome, Rheumatoid Arthritis etc. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of joint pain ...
Associated diseases: the presence of other connected diseases, infections, diabetes, and various other forms of circulating arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout
Genetics: having a family history of osteoarthritis or even congenital defects of important joints, spine, or perhaps leg abnormalities
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Joint pain in rainy weather.
Deep aching joint pain that receives a whole lot worse after exercise or getting weight about it and is relieved through rest
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Bony Enlargements and Osteophyte Formation
Crepitus (crackling, mincing noise with movement)
Joint Effusion (Swelling)
- Osteoarthritis is often able to be diagnosed by its characteristic symptoms of pain, decreased movement and/or deformity.
- Osteoarthritis can be confirmed with an x-ray.
- Common x-ray findings include narrowing of the joint space among bones, a loss of cartilage material and bone spurs or bone tissue growths.
Blood tests may be used in order to exclude other feasible disorders but they can not diagnose osteoarthritis.
Treatment for Osteoarthritis
Acetaminophen (Tylenol): has been shown to be as effective as nonsteroidal medication for the pain of knee osteoarthritis. People should keep their dose of acetaminophen to be able to under 2000 milligrams a day as higher doses could cause kidney disease.
Although there is little evidence for the effectiveness of complementary therapies for osteoarthritis, 60 percent of people with all forms of arthritis have used or are using one type or another. If you have severe side-effects as a result of medication, you may find acupuncture or reflexology helpful in relieving soreness.